Monobloco O-321 da Ribe Transportes

Viagem no tempo desta edição é entre 1975 e 1979, uma oportunidade de relembrar empresas e pinturas que fizeram parte do dia a dia de muita gente

ADAMO BAZANI/MARIO CUSTÓDIO

Quem andou de ônibus rodoviário até o início dos anos 2000 certamente já foi transportado em monoblocos.

Como o nome diz, este tipo de veículo trata-se de um “bloco único” que integra chassi, motor e carroceria, com uma forma diferente de fabricação do que ocorre na indústria de ônibus atual, com a produção dos chassis para depois encarroçamento.

Apesar de não ser a única produtora de monoblocos na história da indústria de veículos de transporte coletivo no Brasil, a Mercedes-Benz é a empresa que mais se destacou com seus modelos produzidos de 1958, com o O-321, até 1996, com o O-400.

Há várias explicações (ou ao menos tentativas de explicações) para o fim dos monoblocos, como problemas estruturais que surgiram devido às características das vias brasileiras, a exigência de uma manutenção mais criteriosa que nem todas as empresas tinham, e até mesmo pressões de mercado por parte de encarroçadoras e empresários de ônibus.

Independentemente de teorias sobre o seu fim, os monoblocos marcaram épocas e se destacaram ao longo do tempo por um design mais sofisticado (parte desenvolvida inclusive na Alemanha) e pelo conforto para motoristas e passageiros.

Houve desde a primeira até a última geração de monoblocos os modelos urbanos e rodoviários.

Nesta edição da coluna “História em Retratos”, do Diário do Transporte, após uma pausa, o pesquisador e consultor em transportes, Mario dos Santos Custódio, retorna em grande estilo e traz cinco registros de seu trabalho fotográfico desenvolvido por décadas.

São cinco monoblocos fotografados entre os anos de 1975 e 1979 no interior paulista, como o pesquisador explica em seu relato.

Na coluna de hoje vamos fazer mais um breve passeio ao Interior do Estado de São Paulo em fotos que fiz entre 1975 e 1979 nas Regiões de Campinas, Jaú, Ribeirão Preto e São José do Rio Preto, contendo fotos dos ônibus das empresas Expresso Itamarati, Rápido Luxo Campinas, Ribe Transporte, Viação Jauense e Viação São Bento, através dos inesquecíveis modelos da Mercedes-Benz O-321, O-355 e O-362. Tais modelos, consagrados até hoje, marcaram gerações, pois muitos de nós utilizaram tais veículos em nossos deslocamentos. E os que não os utilizaram puderam vê-los nas cidades e estradas. Enfim, apreciem as fotos, inclusive já desgastadas pelo tempo. Esses ônibus estavam a servir nas linhas Jardinópolis – Ribeirão Preto, Jaú – Bauru, Ribeirão Preto – Ituverava, São José do Rio Preto – Votuporanga e Vinhedo – Campinas.

Veja as imagens:

Texto inicial: Adamo Bazani, jornalista especializado em transportes

Mario dos Santos Custódio, pesquisador e consultor em transportes

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Fonte: Diario do Transporte

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